National belt wrestling "Gushtini Milli Kamarbandi" (gushtin - wrestling, kamarbandi - belt, milli - national) is an ancient wrestling of Tajiks and has a rich history.
Belt wrestling is one of the ancient kinds of sports. This is convincingly proved by ancient manuscripts, documents and different historical monuments of art. Specialists found petroglyphs depicting the wrestling on the belts in the most diverse corners of the Earth - in Central America, Africa, Europe, and Asia. Near Baghdad in 1938 was found a bronze statuette of two belt wrestlers, which is about six thousand years old. In the Chinese chronicle "Tang Shu" XI century refers to the competition on wrestling on the belts. In the XI century, the scientist and philosopher Avicenna talked about this wrestling. At Nooruz holiday, which are more than three thousand years old, along with other national species, like archery, tug-of-war, and men competed in wrestling on the belts.
On the horse in battle, the warrior always keeps his feet in the stirrups, and to act against the enemy with his feet without risk, it is not easy for him to fall out of the saddle to the ground. That’s why during peacetime training, the soldiers, precisely reproducing the combat situation, also ruled out actions with their feet. However, during the bout the horseman could come to the left or right of the enemy. From here went throws with pacing for the left leg and throws with pacing for the bout leg of the opponent.
The warrior needed strong brushes, elbows, forearms, shoulder joint and back. The pulling force of the arms, shoulders and back in a short moment solved the issue of the life and death of the warrior. Hence the exhausting training with the development of the unprecedented power of the pulling force of the wrestler and a sharp throw through the chest, a throw with pacing, with a sub-seat, a hitching, or a throw by the rear.
GUSHTINI MILLI KAMARBANDI – national belt wrestling (Republic of Tajikistan).
Composition of the team – 4 people: 3 athletes, 1 coach.
Athletes older than 18 are allowed to take part in the competitions. The competitions are held among men. In all weight categories a maximum of 1 athlete is allowed. Weight categories:
– up to 68 kg, up to 82 kg, absolute weight category.
Competitions are held under the current rules of the Gushtini Milli Kamarbandi Belt Wrestling Federation of the Republic of Tajikistan.
The winner in the absolute weight category has the right to take part in the Great Nomad Wrestling.