Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere, occupying the continent of Australia, the island of Tasmania and other islands in the Pacific and Indian Ocean – this makes Australia the sixth largest country in the world by size. To the north lies East Timor, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea, to the north-east is Vanuatu, New Caledonia, and the Solomon Islands, and to the south-east is New Zealand.
Official language – Australian English.
Capital – Canberra.
Biggest cities – Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide.
Form of government – Parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
Area – 7,692,024 km2.
Population – 24,067,700.
Currency – Australian dollar.
ISO Code – AU.
IOC Code – AUS.
Time zone – UTC +8 through +11.