Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres west of the mainland. The capital city is Quito, while the largest city is Guayaquil.
Largest city Guayaquil
Official languages Spanish, recognized regional languages: Kichwa (Quichua), Shuar
Area total 283,561 km2
Population 2016 estimate 16,385,068
Currency United States dollar