Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar, and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), and numerous smaller peripheral islands.
Capital and largest city Antananarivo
Official languages Malagasy and French
Area total 587,041 km2
Population 2016 estimate 24,894,551
Currency Malagasy ariary