Tajikistan (officially known as the Republic of Tajikistan) is a landlocked state located in Central Asia among the Pamir Mountains. It is the smallest country in Central Asia, bordered on the west and north-west by Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan on the north, China on the east, and on the south by Afghanistan. 93% of Tajikistan’s territory is mountainous.
Date of independence (from USSR) – September 9th, 1991.
Official languages – Tajik (state) and Russian (language of international communication).
Capital – Dushanbe.
Biggest cities – Dushanbe, Khujand, Panjakent, Kulob, Qurghonteppa, Istaravshan.
Form of government – Presidential republic.
President – Emomali Rahmon.
Area – 142,000 km2.
Population – 8,547,400.
Currency – Somoni.
ISO Code – TJ.
IOC Code – TJK.
Time zone – UTC +5.