Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest state in South America, both by population and territory. It covers 8,514,2116 km2, which means that Brazil is home to 5.7% of the world’s dry land, and is fifth in the world by territory and population. It borders all South American countries except Ecuador and Chile, and is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language. Brazil is home to the Amazon River Basin, making it one of the most ecologically diverse countries in the world.

Date of independence (from Portugal) – September 7, 1822.

Official language – Portuguese.

Capital – Brazilia.

Biggest cities – Sao Paolo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Brazilia.

Form of government – Presidential constitutional republic.

Population – 205,823,665.

Currency – Real.

ISO Code – BR.

IOC Code – BRA.

Time zones – UTC -2 through UTC -4.