Turkmenistan is a country in Central Asia that borders Afghanistan and Iranin the south, and  Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in the north. It does not have access to an ocean, but does border the Caspian Sea.

Date of independence (from USSR) – October 27th, 1991.

Official language – Turkmen.

Capital – Ashgabat.

Biggest cities – Ashgabat, Turkmenabat, Dashoguz, Balkanabat, Turkmenbashi, Merv.

Form of government – Presidential republic.

Area – 419,200 km2.

Population – 5,240,502.

Currency – Manat.

ISO Code – TM.

IOC Code – TKM.

Time zone – UTC +5.