Er enish – wrestling on horseback.
Er enish is a traditional form of Kyrgyz horseback wrestling with a distinct warrior-like character. In ancient times, aggressive actions towards one’s opponent were allowed. Its technique looked brutal, with the sole aim of defeating the opponent.
Today, er enish requires strength and dexterity from both the horse and the rider. The horse must be very strong and hardy, endure a lot, be even-tempered and maneuverable, and must obey every command from the rider.
Nowadays, er enish competitions are held on a flat, circular area. Competitions look like a battle, with two wrestlers competing. They are naked to the waist, wearing boots and pants of a strong material, and they have belts (called kushak) tied around their waists and scarves tied around their heads. In their hand, they carry a kamcha. At the beginning of the match, the wrestlers on horseback come to the center of the circle at the command of the referee. Then, the referee gives the command to begin. To win, one needs to pull one’s opponent from his horse so that any part of his body touches the ground.
Teams are made up of 4 people: one wrestler who weighs 70 kg, one who weighs 90 kg, and one who weighs over 90 kg, plus a coach. Wrestlers must be over 18 to take part.
Download detailed rules of Er enish